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Home > Bibliography > Southern Africa > Disability and Social Responses in Some Southern African Nations: Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Disability and Social Responses in Some Southern African Nations

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire), Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Rwanda, Zambia, Zimbabwe. A bibliography, with introduction and some historical items

Compiled, introduced and annotated by M. Miles
West Midlands, UK

For a list of abbreviations used in this document, consult the glossary.

Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

AALL–JILEK L.M. (1965) Epilepsy in the Wapogoro tribe in Tanganyika. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 41: 57–86.

ACHOLA, Paul P.W. (1990) Implementing Educational Policies in Zambia. Discussion paper, Africa Technical Dept series 90. Washington D.C.: World Bank.

ADAMOLEKUN B., MIELKE J.K. & BALL D.E. (1999) An evaluation of the impact of health and patient education on the care and compliance of patients with epilepsy in Zimbabwe. Epilepsia 40: 507–511.

ADDISON, Joan (1986) A Historical Survey of Facilities for Handicapped People in Zimbabwe. Hrr: NASCOH. 36 pp.

ADDISON J. (1992) Education of the visually–handicapped in Zimbabwe: an overview. IJSE 7: 71–79.

AGER, Alastair (1990) The importance of sustainability in the design of culturally appropriate programmes of early intervention. Intl Disability Studies 12: 89–92. (Based in Malawi).

AGER A. & AGER W. (1989) An investigation of the needs of mentally retarded individuals within Malawi: implications for the provision of community–based rehabilitation. Unpubl. Chancellor Coll., Zomba.

§ AKAMANDISA F. [1978] Psychological Research on Child Development in Zambia: an annotated bibliography. Lusaka: UNZA. 25 pp.

ALLAIN T.J. & WILSON A.O. (1997) Morbidity and disability in elderly Zimbabweans. Age and Ageing 26: 115–121.

ALLISON, Olive (1976) Survey and analysis of patterns of stuttering among Zambian school children. Unpubl. M.A. diss., UNZA. iii + 127 pp.

ANDERSON, Elizabeth M. [1967] The Education of Physically Handicapped, Blind and Deaf Children in East Africa. London: Natl Fund for Res. into Crippling Diseases. 149 pp.

ANDOROU [or ANDURU], Agoro (1991) Deaf people communicating with the general public. In: Partnership between Deaf People and Professionals (q.v.) 116–21. (Tanzania)

ATHERTON F. & ESCOUTE A.J. (1991) Iodine deficiency disorders in Dowa District. MMJ 7: 64–65. (Malawi)

AXTON J.H.M. & LEVY L.F. (1974) Mental handicap in Rhodesian African Children. Dev. Med. & Child Neurology 16: 350–55.

BAGANDANSHWA, Edward T.T. (1993) Community perceptions of disabilities and its effects on the handicapped: case study of the Haya society. Unpubl. M.A. (Educ.) diss. UDSM. 147 pp.

BAGANDANSHWA E.T.T. (1997) Co–ordination of educational services for visually impaired and blind people in Tanzania. Unpubl. doctoral thesis. Univ. Manchester. 448 pp.

BALSLEV, Knud (1976) Leprosy and the community. Evaluating the campaign against leprosy in the West Lake Region, Tanzania. LR 47: 221–33.

§ BANDA, Greata P.A. [1994] An Annotated Bibliography of Identified and Published Research Activities Related to the Zambian Family from 1964 1993. Lsk: Dept Soc. Welf., GoZ, & UNICEF.

BANDA J.P. (1989) Value of children, well–being and family size in Zambia. Unpubl. Ph.D. thesis, Univ. Michigan.

BANDA, Kelvin N. (1982) A Brief History of Education in Malawi. Blantyre: Dzuka Publishing. xiii + 154 pp.

BAR G. (1993) Albinism in Malawi. MMJ 9: 10–12.

BARCHAM, Lesley (1997) The education of deaf children in Zimbabwe: the changing role of non–governmental organisations, international organisations and government. Unpubl. Ph.D. thesis, Open Univ., Milton Keynes, U.K.. ix + 330 pp.

BARNARTT S. & KABZEMS V. (1992) Zimbabwean teachers' attitudes towards the integration of pupils with disabilities into regular classrooms. Intl J. Disability Dev. & Educ. 39: 135–46.

BERNHARD, Karolin (1992) Einführung des Community–Based Rehabilitation Programs im Süden Zimbabwe. Rundbrief Behinderung und Dritte Welt 2/92: 14–18.

BIKISHONI M.W. (1991) Meeting the cultural and creative needs of Zimbabweans with disabilities. Soc. Change and Dev. 26 (2) 9–10.

BJARNESEN L., BWALYA L.C. & MUSISHA J. (1984) Final Report on the Zambian National Campaign to Reach Disabled Children, Zambezi District. Lsk: IAS, UNZA.

BLAIR, Edward (1994) A training project for disability prevention in Malawi. World Health Forum 15: 408–11.

BOESEN, Inger W. (1993) Education for All: primary education development in Zambia. A background, issues and discussion paper. Copenhagen: DANIDA. vii + 74 pp.

BOGONKO S.N. (1992) Special education in East Africa, a comparative survey. Basic Educ. Forum 1: 37–55.

BOND, Susan [1989] Physiotherapy: lessons from the Zimbabwean experience. Africa Health 11 (2) 7.

BOOKER, Salih (1995) We Are Your Children. The Kushanda early childhood education and care dissemination programme. Zimbabwe 1985–1993. The Hague: Bernard Van Leer Fndn. ISBN 9061950368. 88 pp.

BRAND V. (1984) Socio–economic factors associated with paraplegia, a report on a study of paraplegics in Harare, September 1983 – February 1984. School of Soc. Work. Hrr.

BRAND V. (1984) Socio–economic factors affecting the rehabilitation of paraplegics in Zimbabwe. ARJ 1 (4) 5–8.

BRIBECK G.L. (2000) Barriers to care for patients with neurologic disease in rural Zambia. Archives of Neurology 57: 414–417.

BROEK J. van den, O'DONOGHUE J., ISHENGOMA A., MASAO H. & MBEGA M. (1998) Evaluation of a sustained 7–year health education campaign on leprosy in Rufiji District, Tanzania. LR 69: 57–74.

BROER R. & ROTTIER M. (1992) Effectivity of follow–up and home–based programmes in CBR programmes. Unpubl. joint M.Sc. diss., Free Univ. Amsterdam. (Zimbabwe)

BROGE A. (1983) The pilot follow–up project for disabled children in Zambezi district. Lsk: IAS, UNZA.

BROOKS E.E. & NYIRENDA V.G. (1987) Zambia. In: Dixon (Ed.) Social Welfare, 247–78. (q.v.)

BRUHNS, Barbro–Isabel (1989) Zur Situation Behinderter in Zimbabwe. Bremen: Informationszentrum Afrika.

BRUHNS B.I. (1989) Traditioneller Umgang mit Behinderung bei den Shona. Rundbrief Zimbabwe Netzwerk 18: 5–6.

BUCHAN T. (1971) Emotional handicaps to learning in two cultures. SAMJ 45: 261–64. (Rhodesia)

BUDD E. & MAVENGE G. (1988) Report on the Zimuto Community Based Rehabilitation Programme (June 1986–November 1987). Unpubl. (Zimbabwe)

BURCK, Deliane J. (1984) Disabled women – a special target group. ARJ 1 (4) 8–9.

BURCK D.J. (1989) Kuoma Rupandi (The Parts are Dry). Ideas and practices concerning disability and rehabilitation in a Shona ward. Res. Report No. 36/1989. Leiden: African Studies Centre. ISBN 9070110725. vii + 220 pp.

BURCK D.J. (1999) Incorporation of knowledge of social and cultural factors in the practice of rehabilitation projects. In: B. Holzer, A. Vreede & G. Weigt (Eds.) Disability in Different Cultures, 199–207. Bielefeld: transcript verlag.

BWIBO N.O. (1971) Battered child syndrome. EAMJ 48 (2) 56–61.

CARDOZO L.J. & PATEL M.G. (1976) Epilepsy in Zambia. EAMJ 53 (8) 488 93.

CARTER D.L. (1966) The progress and possible future development of work for the blind in Central Africa. First African Conference on Work for the Blind, Lagos, Nigeria, 17–22 January, 1966, 22–30. nps. (Malawi, Rhodesia, Zambia).

CARTER D.L. (1966) Employment opportunities – rural employment. First African Conference on Work for the Blind, Lagos, Nigeria, 17–22 January, 1966, 76–79. nps.

CHAHWETA C. (1988) The role of the community development worker in Community–Based Rehabilitation. "Rehabilitation for All" National Conference on Community Based Rehabilitation. 11–15th April 1988. Hrr.

CHAITEZVI, Plaxedes (1990) Information needs and facilities for disabled people in Zimbabwe. Project Report, [Post Graduate Diploma, Library & Information Sci.], UNBO. 69 pp.

CHANDA M.D., M'CEKENI J. & KAFUTA G. (1993) Report on Identification and Establishment of Homes for Children with Special Needs in the North Western Province. Lsk: Min. Educ., GoZ. 14 pp.

CHAPEPA I. (1995) Prevalence of scoliosis in Zimbabwe school children. Unpubl. B.Sc. diss. Dept Rehab., UNZI. Hrr.

CHAREMA J. (1990) The integration of hearing impaired primary school pupils in Zimbabwe. Unpubl. M.Ed. diss., Univ. Manchester.

CHARLTON, James I. (1993) Development and disability: voices from the periphery – Zimbabwe. In: Mallory, Nichols et al. (q.v.) 41–70.

CHAVULA A.R. (1987) Community Rehabilitation Programme – the Kibaha experience. Paper presented to the Community Rehabilitation Programme Workshop, Iringa, 17th – 20th Aug. 1987. (Tanzania)

CHAVUNDUKA, Gordon Lloyd (1972) Interaction of folk and scientific beliefs in Shona medical practices. Unpubl. Ph.D. thesis, Univ. London.

CHAVUNDUKA G.L. (1978) Traditional Healers and the Shona Patient. Gwelo: Mambo.

CHAVUNDUKA G.L. (1984) The Zimbabwe National Traditional Healers Association. Hrr.

CHAVUNDUKA G.L. (1994) Traditional Medicine in Modern Zimbabwe. Hrr: UNZI Publications. ISBN 0–908307–40–3. ix + 155 pp.

CHIBUYE P.S., MWENDA M. & OSBORN[E] C. (1986) Study on Child Rearing Practices in Zambia. Lsk: GoZ & UNICEF. 130 pp.

CHIDYAUSIKU, Sheila & NLEYA, Cecilia (1999) Country report, Zimbabwe. In: Cornielje et al. (Eds.) Proceedings (q.v.) 112–116.

CHIGARASA B. (1987) Employment of disabled people in Harare: a study of the practical impediments and of the potential employers' attitudes within the commercial sector in Zimbabwe. Unpubl. M.S.W. thesis, UNZI, Hrr.

CHIKOMBA, Chisengo (1992) Traditional beliefs on mentally retarded people. Res. study, Lusaka Coll. for Teachers of the Handicapped. 33 pp.

Children's Needs and Early Stimulation. Report of a Workshop for Early Childhood Education Trainers (Harare, Zimbabwe, July 29 – August 9, 1991) (1991) Nairobi: Regional Trainig & Resource Centre. (Bernard Van Leer Fndn, The Hague). 49 pp.

CHIMBE, Dawn P. (1989) Rehabilitation Services in Malawi: a shift in strategy. Paper presented at the National Seminar on Population and Development in Malawi, June 5–9, 1989. Zomba: Demographic Unit.

CHIMEDZA, Robert (1990) The use of sign language in teaching the deaf. Deaf education in Zimbabwe. In: Finnish Association of the Deaf (Ed.) East African Sign Language Seminar, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia, August 1990. Helsinki: Finnish Association of the Deaf.

CHIMEDZA R. (1994) Bilingualism in the education of the hearing impaired in Zimbabwe; is this the answer? Zimbabwe Bull. Teacher Educ. [4 (1) 1–11.]

CHIMEDZA R. (1995) A survey of sign language differences among deaf adults in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe J. Educational Res. 7: 314–22.

CHIMEDZA R. (1998) The cultural politics of integrating deaf students in regular schools in Zimbabwe. Disability & Socy 13: 493–502.

CHIMENYA, Ralph (1995) Community based rehabilitation (CBR) in Malawi. MACOHA Newsletter 95/4, 4–6.

Chinamora Research Team (1986) Endemic goitre in Chinamora, Zimbabwe. Lancet 1: 1198–1200.

CHINTU C. & HAWORTH A. (1979) Mental health services for children in Zambia. Paper presented at World Congress on Mental Health, "Mental health for children and families," Salzburg, July 8–13, 1978.

CHIPETA J.E. (1988) Principles and practice of management with special reference to voluntary and NGOs in the rehabilitation of disabled persons (Malawi). Malawi CftH.

CHIPOFYA, Edna (1993) Rehabilitation of the patient with poliomyelitis. The Malawi experience. T&GM 45: 206–10.

CHIRWA B.U. (1989) The role of electronic media in the health services of Zambia. Afya 23: 3–10. (Nairobi, AMREF).

CHISWANDA, M.V. (1997) Hearing Mothers and their Deaf Children in Zimbabwe: mediated learning experiences. Unpubl. Ph.D. thesis, Univ. Oslo.

CHIWARA S. & POWELL G. (1989) Survey of deaf children in Zimbabwe. Unpubl. paper presented at Workshop on ‘The Deaf Child in Zimbabwe.’

CHIZIMA F. (1992) Accessibility legislation in Zambia. In: A. Ratzka (Ed.) Expert Seminar on Building Non–Handicappeding Environments, Harare 1992. Stockholm: Royal Inst. Technology.

CHOGA J. (1990) Survey of disabilities amongst children of squatters. Unpubl. B.Sc. diss. Dept Rehab., UNZI. Hrr.

CHOOMBE, [Charity] (1990) Disabled persons in Zambia: their education, employment and demographic implications. Unpubl.

CHOWO H.T. (1978) Report of a survey of physically handicapped children in twenty nine villages which have community schools. DeS: GURT, Min. Natl Educ. 38 pp. (‘Physical handicap’ included blindness and deafness).

CLEGHORN, Ailie & PROCHNER, Larry (1997) Early childhood education in Zimbabwe: recent trends and prospects. Early Educ. & Dev. 8: 339–52.

COLERIDGE, Peter (1993) Disability, Liberation and Development. Oxford: Oxfam. (Partly on Zanzibar and Zimbabwe).

Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) Programme for the Disabled Persons in Malawi [1991] Limbe: Malawi CftH. 34 pp.

Community–Based Rehabilitation Programme of Disabled Persons (n.d.) Hrr: Zimbabwe Red Cross Socy.

COOMBE T., BANDA J., BILLANY N., FERNS M., HAAMUJOMPA P., KOKKONEN O., LEHTINEN J., MOUA L., NORTOMAA J., PHIRI E., SAARVALI M. & TAKAL T. (1991) Zambia Education Sector Support Programme 1991–1994. Project Document, February 1991. Lsk: GoZ; Helsinki: FINNIDA. (pp. 203–14, teacher education / Spec. Educ.).

COOPERS, LYBRAND, DELOITTE (1991) Government of the Republic of Zambia. Report on Disability and Health: The In–Country Development of Occupational Therapists. [Lsk]

CORNIELJE, Huib, JELSMA, Jennifer & MOYO, Alice (Eds.) (1999) Proceedings of the Workshop on Research Informed Rehabilitation Planning in Southern Africa, Harare, Zimbabwe, 29 June to 3 July, 1998. Leiden: Leidse Hogeschool; Harare: Univ. Zimbabwe. 125 pp. + diskette.

COSTELLO M. (1986) An adaptation of the Kendall Toy Test for Zambia. Diss., Certificate Teachers of the Deaf, Hertfordshire Coll. of Higher Educ.

COUMANS M.P. [1989, updated by Appendix in 1992] Survey on Mental Retardation. Catholic Diocese of Ndola (Zambia), 1 08 1988 to 1 08 1989. Unpubl. draft report. 34 + xv pp.

COUNCIL FOR THE BLIND, Zimbabwe. [c. 24 Unpubl. reports and documents of the Cncl are listed in C.J. ZVOBGO (1990), q.v., pp. 160–61. The author of 13 of these is W.K. MDEGE.] Hrr.

COURTRIGHT [C.], KANJALOTI C.S. & LEWALLEN S. (1995) Barriers to acceptance of cataract surgery among patients presenting to district hospitals in rural Malawi. T&GM 47: 15–18.

COURTRIGHT P., CHIRAMBO M., LEWALLEN S., CHANA H. & KANJALOTI S. (2000) Collaboration with African Traditional Healers for the Prevention of Blindness. Singapore: World Scientific. x + 52 pp.

COURTRIGHT P. & LEWALLEN S. (1992) The problem of blinding cataract in the Southern Region of Malawi. MMJ 8: 127–28.

COX E. (1984) Report on rehabilitation in Zimbabwe. CUSO (Canada).

CREIDER C.A. (1977) Towards a description of East African gestures. Sign Language Studies 6 (14) 1–20.

CROSS A.B. & WEBBER R.H. (1985) A poliomyelitis survey the simple way: the Tanzanian experience. BMJ 291: 532–34.

CSAPO, Marg (1986) Zimbabwe: emerging problems of education and special education. IJSE 1: 141–60.

CSAPO M. (1987) Special educational developments in Zambia. Intl J. Educnl Dev. 7: 107–12.

CULSHAW M.J. (1984) Vocational rehabilitation of disabled persons in rural areas of Southern Africa: report of a mission to Zambia. (Unpubl. report to ILO, Geneva).

DAKA, Patricia (1993) The Handicapped Persons Act of Zambia: how adequate is it in promoting the welfare of the disabled in Zambia? Thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Bachelor of Laws, UNZA. xiv + 140 pp.

DAKWA F.E. (1984) Comprehensive training for integration of handicapped children. SEBESA 2: 3.

DAKWA F.E. (1989) Special Education in Zimbabwe – Integration of Handicapped Children. Hrr: Spec. Educ. Section, Min. Educ.

DAVIES M.P. (1983) The Zimbabwe National Disability Survey. ARJ 1 (1) 18–21.

DECEUNINCK D. & VANNESTE G. (1995) Early Intervention in Mentally Retarded Children. DeS: Comprehensive Community–Based Rehabilition Tanzania. iv + 146 pp.

DENGU, Kebokile C. (1977) Care of physically handicapped children in Rhodesia. Unpubl. case study for diploma. School of Soc. Work, Hrr.

DENGU K.C. (1988) An evaluation of S.A.P. (Southern Africa Program) of the Zimbabwe Red Cross Society, October 1988. Hrr.

DEVLIEGER P. (1995) From self–help to charity in disability service: the Jairos Jiri Association in Zimbabwe. Disability & Socy 10: 39–48.

DEVLIEGER P.J. (1998) Vocational rehabilitation in Zimbabwe: a socio–historical analysis. J. Vocational Rehabilitation 11: 21–31.

DEVLIEGER P., PIACHAUD J., LEUNG P. & GEORGE N. (1994) Coping with epilepsy in Zimbabwe and the Midwest, U.S.A.. Intl J. Rehab. Res. 17: 251–64.

DIJK, Karin van (1997) Low vision and development of appropriate services: Malawi. Behinderung und Dritte Welt 8: 127–31.

DILLON MALONE, Clive (1988) Mutumwa Nchimi healers and wizardry beliefs in Zambia. Soc.Sci.M. 26: 1159 72.

Directory of Non–Government Organizations in Tanzania (1994). DeS: TANGO. 316 pp.

Directory of Special Educational Provision for Handicapped Children in Developing Commonwealth Countries. Second edn. 1973. London: Cwlth Fndn. (Botswana p. 10; Kenya pp. 37–45; Malawi pp. 47–49; Tanzania pp. 81–86; Zambia pp. 97–100.)

DIXON, John (Ed.) (1987) Social Welfare in Africa. London: Croom Helm. (incl. Tanzania (MALLYA), Zambia (BROOKS), Zimbabwe (HAMPSON).)

DRUMMOND A. (1968) Survey of Deafness in Malawi. London: Cwlth Fndn for the Deaf.

DUBE, Jabulani (1987) Community rehabilitation: a case study of Matobo Community Project, in Kezi under the auspices of the National Council of Disabled Persons of Zimbabwe. Unpubl. diss., Bachelor of Soc. Work, UNZI. 42 pp.

DUBE P. (1986) Perceived barriers to employment among trained physically disabled people. A case study of Jairos Jiri Centre, Bulawayo. Unpubl. [M.S.W.] thesis, School of Soc. Work, UNZI, Hrr.

DYBWAD, Rosemary F. (Ed.) (1986–1989, Third edn) International Directory of Mental Retardation Resources. Brussels: Intl League of Societies for Persons with Mental Handicap. (incl. Zambia, Zimbabwe)

DYER L. & PORTSMOUTH L. (1994) Speech Pathology in Zimbabwe. Australian Communication Quarterly (Spring) 5–7.

DYER, Sarah (1995) Action on Disability and Development's Community Based Intervention Programme. Unpubl. paper of Action on Disability and Development, Lsk. 2 pp.

DYER S. (1996) Summary of the Portage Evaluation. Unpubl. report of Action on Disability and Development, Lsk. 12 pp.

DYER S. (1997) Appropriate intervention – treating cerebral palsy in Zambia. Appropriate Technology 23 (4) 21–24.

EDQUIST T. (1984) Special Teacher Training in Zimbabwe. Hrr: Min. Educ. & SIDA.

EEDLE J.H. (1972) Special Education in the Developing Countries of the Commonwealth. London: Cwlth Secretariat. 201 pp.

EKLINDH, Keneth, MKAALI C.B., KISANJI J. & KULWA B. (1992) Policy Guidelines of the Development of Special Education in Tanzania, A study of special education prepared by the Ministry of Education & Culture.

EKLINDH K. & SENNERO, Bengt Olof (1983) Special Education in Tanzania. DeS: Min. Educ., GURT & SIDA.

EKLINDH K. & NCHIMBI J.E. (1989) Teacher Training for Special Education in Tanzania. SIDA report. DeS: Min. Natl Educ., GURT.

ESCOUTE A.J. et al. (1989) Situation of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in Malawi. Min. Health GoM.

ETTEN G.M. van & ANTEN J.G. (1972) Evaluation of health education in a Tanzanian leprosy scheme. Intl J. Leprosy 40: 402–409.

Evaluation Study on the Special Education Programme in Zimbabwe (1996). Report of the joint evaluation team. SIDA & Min. Educ. Govt Zimbabwe.

EZEILO, Bernice (1975) The performance of normal and mentally subnormal Zambian children on two intelligence tests and a conservation test. Unpubl. M.A. diss. UNZA, Lsk.

EZEILO B. (1978) Validating Panga Munthu test and Porteus Maze test (wooden form) in Zambia. Intl J. Psychl. 13 (4) 333 42.

FADJUKOFF P., LYYTINEN H., MÄKI O., AHONEN T., CHAKULIMBA O.C. & MULENGA K. (1997) Building infrastructure for special needs education: developing rehabilitation services for children with learning disabilities. In: H. Kokkala (Ed.) (q.v.) 26–48. (incl. Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

FARQUHAR, June (1987) Jairos Jiri – the man and his work, 1921–1982. Gweru: Mambo. 92 pp.

FERRINHO, Paulo & CORNIELJE, Huib (1999) Towards consensus on research–based disablement policies for Southern Africa. In: Cornielje et al. (Eds.) Proceedings (q.v.) 117–123.

FINKENFLÜGEL, Harry J.M. (1990) Gemeenschaps gerichte revalidatie in Zimbabwe. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Fysiotherapie 100: 170–77.

FINKENFLÜGEL H.J.M. (1991) Identifying people in need of rehabilitation in rural Zimbabwe. CAJM 37: 105–10.

FINKENFLÜGEL H.J.M. (1991) Help for the disabled – in hospital and at home. World Health Forum 12: 325–30. (Serv. in Zimbabwe).

FINKENFLÜGEL H.J.M. (1991) Community–based rehabilitation; A better future for people with disabilities in Zimbabwe? Disability Studies Qly Fall/1991, 14–15.

FINKENFLÜGEL H. (Ed.) (1993) The Handicapped Community. The relation between primary health care and community based rehabilitation. Amsterdam: VU UP. ISBN 9053832114. xi + 152 pp.

FINKENFLÜGEL H. (1999) Paper technology and CBR: cultural adaptation in Zimbabwe. In: Leavitt (Ed.) (q.v.) 291–300.

FINKENFLÜGEL H. (1999) Rehabilitation research in Southern Africa. In: Cornielje et al. (Eds.) Proceedings (q.v.) 41–60.

FINKENFLÜGEL H.J.M., Van MAANEN V., SCHUT W., VERMEER A., JELSMA J. & MOYO A. (1996) Appreciation of community–based rehabilitation by caregivers of children with a disability. Disability & Rehab. 18: 255–260. (Serv. in Zimbabwe).

Finnish Association of the Deaf (Ed.) (1992) East African Sign Language Seminar, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia, August 20–26, 1990. Helsinki: Finnish Association of the Deaf. 109 pp.

FISHER, Monica (1971) Endemic goitre among Copperbelt scholars. Med. J. Zambia 5/1, Jan. 1971, 7 8.

FISHER M., KILLCROSS M.C., SIMONSSON M. & ELGIE K.A. (1972) Malnutrition and reasoning ability in Zambian school children. Transactions of the Royal Socy of Tropical Health & Hygiene 66/3: 471 8.

FOSTER L. (1989) Approach to the management of hearing impaired preschool children in Manicaland. Unpubl. paper presented at Workshop on ‘The Deaf Child in Zimbabwe.’

FOX L. (Ed.) (1967) East African Childhood. Nairobi: Oxford UP.

FRANÇOIS G. (1987) Child Care Services in the Communities. DeS: UNICEF. 13 pp.

FRANÇOIS G. (1987) Alternative Approach to Child Care Programme in the Villages (Village Based Child Care Programmes). Consultancy report. DeS: UNICEF. 32 pp.

FRANKENBERG K. & LEESON J. (1976) Disease, illness and sickness: social aspects of the choice of health in a Lusaka suburb. In: J. Lauden (Ed.) Social Anthropology and Medicine. London: Academic Press.

FRANZÉN, Björn (1990) Attitudes towards persons with disabilities in Kenya and Zimbabwe. Unpubl. study for the degree of Master of International Administration, School for Intl Trainig, Nybro. 93 pp.

FRYERS, Tom (1983) Report on initial evaluation of the Zambia National Campaign to Reach Disabled Children. Lsk: Min. Educ., GoZ.

GAIATTO M.E. (1982) Motor Disabilities. A short textbook of orthopaedic and physiotherapy for rural health workers. DeS: Tanzania Publishing House. 99 pp.

GAMWELL, Ann (1972) The roles of government and voluntary agencies in the development of services for the handicapped in Tanzania. In: Proceedings of the Seminar on Deafness ... Accra, September 1972, 70–73. London: Cwlth Socy for the Deaf.

GARAPO W. (1995) Effects of institutionalisation on play. Unpubl. B.Sc. diss., Dept Rehab. UNZI. Hrr.

GARGETT, Eric Stanley (1971) Welfare Services in an African Urban Area. Unpub. PhD thesis, Univ. London. 297 pp. (Based on Bulawayo, Zimbabwe)

GATSI L.T., AMOSUN S.L. & MHLANGA F.G. (1994) Rehabilitation personnel and AIDS in Zimbabwe: knowledge, attitudes and professional behaviour. Physiotherapy Theory & Practice 10: 95–102.

GELFAND, Michael (1957) Epilepsy in the African. CAJM 3: 11–12.

GELFAND M. (1967) Psychiatric disorders as recognised by the Shona. CAJM 13: 39–46.

GELFAND M. (1974) The African's concept of the causes and treatment of epilepsy and convulsions. SAMJ 48: 879–81.

GELFAND M. (1979) Growing Up in Shona Society from Birth to Marriage. Gwelo: Mambo. 228 pp.

GELFAND M., MAVI S., DRUMMOND R.B. & NDEMERA B. (1985, reprint 1993) The Traditional Medical Practitioner in Zimbabwe. His principles of practice and pharmacopoeia. Gweru: Mambo. ISBN 0 86922 350 X. x + 411 pp.

Get to Know Your Hearing! Lsk: Zambia Natl Assoc. the Hearing Impaired. 6 pp.

GOLDBERG, Susan (1970) Infant Care, Stimulation and Sensory Motor Development in a High Density Urban Area of Zambia. HDRU Report No. 15. Inst. for Soc. Res., UNZA.

GOLDBERG S. (1972) Infant care and growth in urban Zambia. Human Dev. 15: 77–89.

GOLDBERG S. (1974) A Study of Mother–Infant Interaction in Zambia: Personal Dilemmas. 21 pp. ERIC: ED120038.

GOLDBERG S. (1977) Infant development and mother–infant interaction in urban Zambia. In: P. Leiderman, A. Rosenfeld & S. Tulkin (Eds.) Culture and Infancy, Variations in the Human Experience, 211–43. New York: Academic Press.

GOODALL, Janet (1972) Emotionally induced illness in East African children. EAMJ 49: 407–418.

GRIFFITHS J.C. (1970) Dislocated hip in East African infants and children. Postgraduate Med. J. 46: 86–91.

GUMAELIUS, Tage (1982) Pre–vocational and vocational training programmes for handicapped children and youth in Zambia: current situation and plan for the future. Lsk.

GUMAELIUS T. (1989) Final report on pre–vocational training of disabled youth in Zambia, 1984–1989. Lsk. 28 pp. + building plans.

GUMAELIUS T. & MILLINEN, Raimo [1987] Pre Vocational Assessment and Vocational Training of the Mentally Retarded in Zambia. Lsk: Dept Technical Educ. & Vocational Training, GoZ. 8 pp.

GWAUNZA, Elizabeth, NYANDIYA–BUNDY, Sally, NYANGURU, Andrew, GOROMONZI, Winifred, KAMURUKO, Shepherd (1994) A Situation Analysis of Children in Specially Difficult Circumstances in Zimbabwe. Hrr. 103 pp. (Disabilities: pp.32–39)

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OUDHEUSDEN R. van (1988) The rehabilitation, training and employment of disabled persons. In: Ross (Ed.) (q.v.) 109–14.

PAGE, Nadine (1980) Special Education in Zimbabwe: some recommendations in the light of the Warnock Report. Hrr: Faculty of Educ., UNZI. v + 34 pp.

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Partnership Between Deaf People and Professionals. Proceedings of a Conference held ... August 1991 ... Rabat, Malta, arranged by Initiatives for Deaf Education in the Third World, in co–operation with the National Commission for the Handicapped, Malta (1991) Valletta: Min. Soc. Policy, Malta. 159 pp. (Incl. Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

PATERSON M. (1990) Community Based Rehabilitation. Min. Hlth, Zimbabwe. Unpubl.

[PAUSEWARY / PAUSEWONG] S. & SAEBONES A. (1980) The Handicapped in Zambia: a report to NORAD on the Zambia Council for the Handicapped and the Situation for the Handicapped in Zambia. Lsk.

PELT P. van (1982) Bantu Customs in Mainland Tanzania, 4th edn revised. Tabora: T.M.P. Book Dept.

PELTZER K. (1987) Some Contributions of Traditional Healing Practices Towards Psycho Social Health Care in Malawi. Eschborn: Fachbuchhandlug für Psychologie. 341 pp.

PELTZER K. & KASONDE NG'ANDU S. (1989) The role of traditional healers towards children's mental handicap and developmental disabilities in Lusaka. In: Serpell, Nabuzoka & Lesi (q.v.) 116 26.

PERESUH, Munhuweyi P.N. (1991) Attitudes to integration of children with mild mental handicaps in Zimbabwe. Unpubl. Ph.D. thesis, Univ. Manchester.

PERESUH M.P.N. (1994) The role of African universities in promoting special education programmes in higher institutions. IJSE 9: 224–31.

PERESUH M.P.N. (1994) Meeting special educational needs in ordinary settings. Zimbabwe Bull. Teacher Educ. [4: 1–11.]

PERESUH M.P.N. & BARCHAM, Lesley (1998) Special education provision in Zimbabwe. Brit. J. Spec. Educ. 25: 75–80.

PETERSEN N.K. (1997) Ordinary Families? Special Children? Intervention Services – What are the needs of hearing parents of deaf children in Harare, Zimbabwe? Unpubl. M.Phil. thesis, Univ. Oslo.

PHIRI, Alexander (1999) Disability policy development and research. In: Cornielje et al. (Eds.) Proceedings (q.v.) 81–85.

PHIRI A. & FRICKE, Yutta (1990, April) From inmates to rebels. The setting up of an organisation of disabled people. CBR News, No. 5, 8–10.

PHIRI L.N. (1979) Problems of the handicapped. An assessment of attitudes towards the disabled and the implications for rehabilitation in Zambia. (Unpubl.). Lsk: IAS, UNZA.

PIACHAUD, Jack (1994) Strengths and difficulties in developing countries: the case of Zimbabwe. In: N. Bouras (Ed.) Mental Health in Mental Retardation: recent advances and practices. Cambridge UP.

PIXA–KETTNER U. (1988) Zwischen traditionellen Werten und Kolonialismus – Einstellungen gegenüber Behinderung in Zimbabwe. In: Herbert Kemler (Ed.) Behinderung und Dritte Welt, Annäherung an das zweifach Fremde. Frankfurt.

POSSI, Mwajabu A.K. (1986) The effects of integration on blind pupils' academic and social performance in primary schools in Tanzania. Unpubl. M.A. diss., UDSM. xvii + 189 pp.

POSSI M.K. (1992) Towards vocational and career guidance and counseling for Tanzanian students with mental retardation. IJSE 7: 279–89.

POSSI M.K. (1994) Special education in Tanzania: a critical analysis of special education services. IJSE 9: 41–52.

POSSI M.K. (1996) Culture and disability. Superstitious behaviour towards people with disabilities in Coastal Tanzania. AJSNE 1 (1) 25–31.

POSSI M.K. (1999) Perceived causes of visual disability by first year education students at the University of Dar–es–Salaam in Tanzania. IJSE 14 (2) 18–30.

POWELL G.M., MORREIRA S., RUDD C., & NGONYAMA R.P. (1994) Child Care Policy and Practice in Zimbabwe. Hrr: UNZI & Min. Public Service, Labour & Soc. Welf. xi + 215 pp. (pagination irregular).

PRAAG E. van & MWANKEMWA S.A. (1982) A prevalence survey on leprosy and the possible role of village 10–cell leaders in control in Muheza District, Tanzania. LR 53: 27–34.

Proceedings of the second South South North Workshop on Special Needs Education. UNISE Bull. July 96 (whole issue). 45 pp. (Incl. Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Tanzania).

QUAYSON, Ato (1999) Looking awry: tropes of disability in post–colonial writing. In: R. Mengham (Ed.) An Introduction to Contemporary Fiction: International Writing in English since 1970, 53–68. Cambridge: Polity. Includes some consideration of disability in Ben Okri's 'The Famished Road' (see History section).

READ, Margaret (1959) Children of Their Fathers: growing up among the Ngoni of Nyasaland. London: Methuen. 176 pp.

REELER A.P. & POWELL G.M. (1983) A survey of the diagnostic categories and associated handicaps of an African physically handicapped population. CAJM 29: 165–70. (Zimbabwe)

Report of the Regional Primary Health Care Seminar on Community Based Rehabilitation, Mzuzu (11–15 Feb.), Blantyre (22–23 Feb.), Lilongwe (27–28 Feb. 1989). [1989]. Limbe: Malawi CftH.

Report of the participatory evaluation exercise of the NCDPZ Rural Membership Development Programme (1988) Natl Cncl of Disabled Persons of Zimbabwe.

RHODESIA (also Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland). See: (ZAMBIA.) Rhodesia Cncl Soc. Serv. (1962–74) Handbook of Social Services in Rhodesia. Salisbury: RCSS.

RISSE M. (1991) Integration of disabled people in Zimbabwe, the Community–based rehabilitation programme of the Zimbabwe Red Cross Society. Report of the ASA study July–October 1991.

RØNNING, John A., NSOFWA, Bob M. & LEWANIKA, Mbuywana M. (1989) Basic and in service training needs for specialist teachers of the mentally handicapped for early intervention in Zambia. In: Serpell, Nabuzoka & Lesi (q.v.) 81 86.

RØNNING J.A. & NABUZOKA D. (1993) Promoting social interaction and status of children with intellectual disabilities in Zambia. J. Spec. Educ. 27: 277–305.

ROPER A. (1967) A simple and effective method of treatment of congenital club foot. CAJM 13: 226–29. (S. Rhodesia)

ROSS D.H. (1988) Educating Handicapped Young People in Eastern and Southern Africa in 1981–1983. Paris: UNESCO. ISBN 9231025600. 153 pp.

ROTTIER M.J.N., BROER R.W., VERMEER A. & FINKENFLÜGEL H. (1993) A study of the follow up of clients in community–based rehabilitation projects in Zimbabwe: the functioning of rehabilitation technicians, local supervisors and caregivers. J. Rehab. Sciences 6 (2) 35–41.

RWIZA H.T. (1994) The Muhimbili epilepsy project, a three pronged approach. Assessment of the size of the problem, organization of an epilepsy care system and research on risk factors. T&GM 46 (3) S22–S24. (Tanzania)

RWIZA H.T., MTEZA I. & MATUJA W.B. (1993) The clinical and social characteristics of epileptic patients in Ulanga District, Tanzania. J. Epilepsy 6: 162–69.

SAASA, Oliver & KAMWANGA, Jolly (1993) An Update on the Situation Analysis of Women and Children in Zambia. Lsk: IAS.

SAFARI J.F. (1981) Social Welfare Policy in Tanzania. A case study of the social and economic conditions of elderly people living in destitute camps. UDSM. 109 pp. (Many disabled people were surveyed).

SAUGESTAD S. (1990) Cases of disability in a social context, some observations on community based attitudes to disability in Zimbabwe. In: F. Bruun & B. Ingstad (Eds.) Disability in a Cross–cultural Perspective 169–82. Oslo: Univ. Oslo, Dept Soc. Anthropology.

SAUTER J.J. (1978) Causes of blindness in 19 schools for the blind in Tanzania. Final Report. UDSM.

SAVE THE CHILDREN FUND (U.K.) (1995) Zanzibar CBR evaluation report. London. 91 pp.

SCHUT W. & van MAANEN V. (1991) Role and attitude of the primary care giver in CBR programmes. Unpubl. joint M.Sc. diss. Free Univ. Amsterdam. (Zimbabwe)

SCHUTTE, Donald (1969) Education of the Handicapped in Tanzania. DeS: Inst. Educ U.C.D.

SCHWEITZER L. (1986) Ergotherapie in Zimbabwe. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Ergotherapie 14 (5) 127–131.

SCOLNIK, Laura (1975) A study of the effects of prolonged residency in an institution on the social adjustment of children. Unpubl. B.Sc. diss., Univ. Rhodesia. 40 pp. + App.

SEIF B.T. (1991) A State–of–the–Art Review on Pre–School Education and Care in Mainland Tanzania. DeS: Min. Educ. & Culture, GURT.

SELIGSON D. & LEVY L.F. (1974) Hydrocephalus in a developing country: a ten–year experience. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 16: 356–61. (Zimbabwe)

SENDARO A.M. (1991) Managing social services in urban areas with reference to women and children. The case of Dar es Salaam City. In: C.K. Omari & L.P. Shaidi (Eds.) Social Problems in Eastern Africa, 85–101. UDSM Press.

SERPELL, Robert (1968) Selective Attention and Interference Between First and Second Languages. Lsk: UNZA, Inst. for Soc.

SERPELL R. (1968) Selective attention in children. A study with special reference to Zambia. Unpubl. Ph.D. thesis, Univ. Sussex.

SERPELL R. (1974) Estimates of Intelligence in a Rural Community of Eastern Zambia. HDRU Reports, No. 25. Inst. for Soc. , UNZA. 34 pp. + App. (vii). Also in: F.M. Okatcha (Ed.) (1977) Modern Psychology and Cultural Adaptation, 179 216. Nairobi: Swahili Language Consultants and Publishers.

SERPELL R. (1977) Discrimination of Orientation by Zambian Children. Lsk: HDRU.

SERPELL R. (1980) Linguistic flexibility in urban Zambian schoolchildren. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 345: 97–119.

SERPELL R. (1983) Social and psychological constructs in health records: the need for adaptation to different sociocultural environments. In: M. Lipkin & K. Kupka (Eds.) Psychosocial Factors Affecting Health, 243–74. New York: Garland.

SERPELL R. (1984) Research on cognitive development in sub–Saharan Africa. Intl J. Behavioural Dev. 7 (2) 111–27.

SERPELL R. (1986) Specialized centers and the local home community: children with disabilities need them both. IJSE 1: 107 27.

SERPELL R. (1987) Teachers, pupils and parents in rural area: experiences and opinions of some primary school teachers in Zambia's Eastern Province. A preliminary report. Presented at the Educnl Bureau Seminar, 12th March 1987. Lsk: UNZA, Educnl Bureau. 34 pp. (See pp. 23 28, Children with special needs).

SERPELL R. (1988) Assessment criteria for severe intellectual disability in various cultural settings. Intl J. Behavioural Dev. 11 (1) 117–44.

SERPELL R. (1989) Psychological assessment as a guide to early intervention: reflections on the Zambian context of intellectual disability. In: Serpell, Nabuzoka & Lesi (q.v.) 145 59.

SERPELL R. (1993) The Significance of Schooling. Life Journeys in an African Society. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. ISBN 0521394783. xv + 345 pp. (See pp. 272–77 for disab. in particular. The entire book is highly relevant to the focus of this bibliography).

SERPELL R. (1996) Cultural models of childhood in indigenous socialization and formal schooling in Zambia. In: C.P. Hwang, M.R. Lamb et al. (Eds.) Images of Childhood, 129–42. Mahwah NJ: Erlbaum.

SERPELL R., ANOKHBONGGO A., HAWORTH A. & VENO A. (1979) A Strategy of Increased Cooperation between Traditional and Government Health Services in Zambia. Lsk: UNZA.

SERPELL R. & NABUZOKA D. (1985) Zambia: Community–Based Rehabilitation for disabled children in Vulamkoko Ward: a follow–up study. Paper presented at the IASSMD Congress, New Delhi, March 1985.

SERPELL R. & NABUZOKA D. (1991) Early intervention in Third World countries. In: D. Mitchell & R.I. Brown (Eds.) Early Intervention Studies for Young Children with Special Needs, 93 126. London: Chapman & Hall.

SERPELL R., NABUZOKA D. & LESI F.E.A. (Eds.) (1989) Early Intervention, Developmental Disability, Mental Handicap in Africa. Proceedings of Sub Regional Workshop held in Lusaka, June 1987 at the University of Zambia. Lsk: Psychl Dept, UNZA. 180 pp.

SERPELL R., NABUZOKA D., NG'ANDU S. & SINYANGWE I.M. (1988) The development of a community based strategy for the habilitation of disabled children in Zambia: a case of action oriented health systems research. Disab. & Impairments, 2 (2) 117 29.

SERPELL R., NG'ANDU S.K., SINYANGWE I.M., MULENGA M., NABUZOKA D. & RØNNING J .(1988) Guidelines for the assessment of intellectual functioning in Zambia. Lsk: Psychl Dept, UNZA.

SESTINI, Elizabeth (1985) Pre–school policies and programmes in low–income countries. Intl J. Early Childhood 17: 23–28. (Ref. Malawi, Kenya & Zambia).

SHARE F. (1985) The Disabled Child in Zimbabwe. Hrr: Min. Lab., Manpower Planning & Soc. Welf.

SHARMA R. (1977) Special Education. In: Education for Development Evaluation Seminar; summary of contribution to the National Debate on Educational Reform, Vol. I, E1–E5. Lsk: GoZ.

SHEARLEY A. (1988) The Role of the District Health Team in Community Based Rehabilitation. Hrr.

SHRESTHA R.M. (1994) Effects of iodine and iron supplement on physical, psychomotor and mental development in primary school children in Malawi. Thesis. The Hague: Wageningen Agricultural Univ. ISBN 90–5485–234–8.

SICHANGWA, Josephine K. (1993) Action plan for Kazama CBR Programme, Zambia. Unpubl. course work, CBR Diploma, Inst. Child Hlth, London.

SICHONE S.M. (1983) Current approaches at resource classes for the deaf in integrated primary and secondary schools. In: Mbewe & Serpell (Eds.) (q.v.) 49–51.

Silent Citizens. Success stories of deaf Zambians (1981) Lsk: Natl Assoc. Deaf.

SILWAMBA S.G. [1994] A Survey on Education for Children with Learning Difficulties in Zambia. [Chainama Hospital Day Centre ?]. 35 pp.

SIMWANZA, Abraham (1993) A comparative investigation of the factors of the academic performance of blind students in history in special schools and in integrated schools in Zambia. M.Ed. diss., UNZA. 137 pp.

SINKA, Adamson H. (2001) Disabled persons' access to employment: law and practice 1982–2001. Papers (LL.B.) UDSM. xxv + 61 pp.

SKOGMO, Pål (1995) Fostering the formation of Parents' Association. In: O'Toole & McConkey (q.v.) 121–34. (Tanzania / Zambia)

SMYLY, Selma R. (1990) A preliminary evaluation of multi–disciplinary workshops for disabled children in rural areas of Zimbabwe. J. Afr. Psychl. 1 (3) 44–58.

SNELSON, Peter D. (1974) Educational Development in Northern Rhodesia 1883–1945. Lsk: Natl Educnl Company of Zambia. (See pp. 72, 79 80).

Social and Vocational Rehabilitation Curriculum for Training Personnel Working with Persons with Mental Handicap (1991) Hrr: African Rehab. Inst. 49 pp.

SOLA–AMI, Kambamba (1997) (Readers' Forum) Towards polio eradication in Zaire. World Hlth Forum 18: 337–38.

SPARREVOHN F. (1972) Deaf education in Zambia. In Proceedings of the Seminar on Deafness ... Accra, September 1972, 16. London: Cwlth Socy for the Deaf.

SPEAKMAN H.G., TEMBO A. & HENDRY S. (1994) Honest and faked responses on the Attitudes Towards Disabled Persons Scale – Form A. CAJM 40 (3) 66–70. (Zimbabwe)

Speech and Silence. Official organ of the Zambia Society for the Deaf. 1968 > #

SRIVASTA M.L. & TYSON J. (1990) Community Based Rehabilitation for Disabled Persons: base–line data for selected districts in Malawi. Survey Report. Zomba: Demographic Unit, Chancellor Coll., UNMA. 213 pp.

STEENBERGEN G.J. (1991) Leprosy control in Zambia. World Hlth Statistics Qtly 44: 30–35.

STEIN Z., BELMONT L. & DURKIN M. (1987) Mild mental retardation and severe mental retardation compared: experiences in eight less developed countries. Uppsala J. Med. Sciences Suppl. 44: 89–96. (Zambia)

STUBBS, Sue (1994) Early Childhood Education / Care issues in Relation to Disability. Some examples from East Africa. London: Save the Children Fund (U.K.). 8 pp. (Zanzibar)

SUJUNJI L. (1990) Handicapped persons in Zambia: the need for legislation to promote their welfare. Lsk.

SUPER, Charles M. (1972) Cognitive Changes in Zambian Children During the Late Pre School Years. HDRU Reports, No. 22. Inst. Soc., UNZA. 70 + liii pp.

SUPER C.M. (1976) Environmental effects on motor development: the case of African infant precocity.Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 18: 561–67.

SWANSBURY W.G. (1966) Residential schools for the blind in East Africa. First African Conference on Work for the Blind, Lagos, Nigeria, 17–22 January, 1966, 45–50. nps.

SWIFT, Charles R. & ASUNI, Tolani (1975) Mental Health and Disease in Africa: with special reference to Africa South of the Sahara. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. xiv + 257.

SWIFT C.R. & GOSLING H. (1973) Psychiatric patterns of Tanzanian students. Afr. J. Med. Sci. 4.

SWIFT C.R. & PENDAELI W.S. (1974) Child rearing in Tanzania. East Afr. J. Med. 1: 24–34.

TAÇON P. & LUNGWANGWA G. (1991) Street Children in Zambia. Lsk: IAS.

TAGWIREYI, Julia & GREINER, Ted (1994) Nutrition in Zimbabwe. An Update. Washington D.C.: World Bank. x + 127 pp.

TANZANIA. GURT & UNICEF (1990) Women and Child Care in Tanzania: a situation analysis. DeS: UNICEF.

TANZANIA, Min. Educ. & Culture (1988) Aina na idadi ya watoto wwenye matatizo (Type and number of children with learning problems). DeS: GURT.

TANZANIA, Min. Educ. & Culture (1992) Policy Guidelines for the Development of Special Education in Tanzania. DeS: GURT.

TANZANIA, Min. Labour & Soc. Welf. (1982) The National Census of the Handicapped in Tanzania. Final Report. DeS: GURT.

TANZANIA, Min. Sci., Technology & Higher Ed. (1993) Tanzania Integrated Education and Training Policy. UDSM Press.

TANZANIA. (1991) Proceedings of Government of Tanzania Top Policy Makers Seminar on Equalization of Opportunities for Tanzanians with Disabilities, held at Arusha, 25–26 Nov. 1991. GURT.

The Tanzanian Sign Language Dictionary (Kamusi ya Lugha ya Alama Tanzania) (1993). DeS: Tanzania Assoc. of the Deaf. v + 259 pp.

TAYLOR I.G. (Ed.) (1985) The Education of the Deaf. Current Perspectives. 4 Vols. London: Croom Helm.

TEMBO L.C. (compiler) (1979) Priorities in Mental Health Care in Zambia. Lsk: Min. Hlth, GoZ.

TEMPLER S. (1985) Is traditional education a handicapping factor for the slower learning child in the regular class? Linking study. UNZI.

TEMPLER S. & GALLOWAY B. (1984) Development of more effective training programmes for the intellectually handicapped children in Zimbabwe. Hrr: Zimcare Trust. (See also ch. in Ross (Ed.) (1986), 103–108.)

THOMPSON, Glen L. (1983) Participation by deaf citizens in the life of urban communities: implications for educational policy. In: Mbewe & Serpell (Eds.) (q.v.) 31–36.

THOMPSON J.K. (1982) Policies and Programmes for Disabled People in the Commonwealth. Report of a Survey. London: Cwlth Secretariat. (Tanzania & Zambia, pp.46–7).

THRESHER R. (1982) Establishing Community–Based Rehabilitation services for disabled people in Zambia. Lsk: ILO/GoZ.

THORBURN M. & MARFO K. (Eds.) (1990) Practical Approaches to Childhood Disability in Developing Countries. Insights from experience and research. St. John's, Newfoundland: Project SEREDEC, Memorial Univ. (Reprint 1994: Tampa, Florida, Global Age Publishing; & 3D Projects 14 Monk St, Spanish Town, Jamaica). ISBN 0889011826.

TIROLER, Gabor & RUBENSON, Birgitta (1985) Establishing Rehabilitation Services in Zimbabwe's Communities. A project identification study in Community Based Rhabilitation. SIDA Report. [Intl Child Hlth Unit, Univ. Uppsala]. 31 pp.

TITUS, Marius Rock (1994) Better education for deaf people in French–speaking Africa. In: Erting et al. (q.v.) 800–803. (Incl. D.R. Congo).

TOBAIWA C. (1980) The social and economic adaptation of disabled people in urban areas. Hrr. UNZI.

TODD C.H., ARTHUR G. & KEELEY D. (1988) A survey of endemic cretinism in Wedza District. CAJM 34: 223–24. (Zimbabwe)

TODD C.H. & BOURDOUX P.P. (1991) Severe iodine deficiency in two endemic goiter areas of Zimbabwe. CAJM 37: 237–41.

TODD C.H., LAING R., MARANGWANDA C.S. & MUSHONGA N. (1989) Iodine Deficiency Disorders in Zimbabwe. No change in prevalence of endemic goitre in Wedza District, as shown by school surveys carried out 18 years apart. CAJM 35 (1) 304–306.

TODD C.H., SANDERS D. & CHIMANYIWA T. (1988) Hearing in primary school children in an iodine–deficient population in Chinamora, Zimbabwe. T&GM 40: 223–25.

TOROREI, Sam K. (1991) Nordic organisations and Africa. In: Rapport Från Nordiskt Biståndsseminarium Inom Handikappområdet, Mars 1991, Esbo, Finland, 62–72. Vällingby: Sekretariat för Nordiska Biståndsseminariet Handikappinstitutet.

TOTO, Motshedisi (1986) Social attitudes towards hearing impaired pupils in Zambian secondary schools. Diss., Lsk Coll. for Teachers of the Handicapped. 52 pp.

TUNGARAZA, Frida D. (1984) Blind students' academic performance and the University of Dar–es–Salaam community attitudes towards them. Unpubl. M.A. diss. UDSM.

TUNGARAZA F.D. (1992) Mainstreaming: the logical choice for Tanzania. IJSE 7: 26–34.

TUNGARAZA F.D. (1993) The prevalence of children needing remedial services in Tanzanian regular primary schools. IJSE 8: 146–54.

TUNGARAZA F.D. (1994) The attitudes of teachers and head teachers towards mainstreaming in Tanzanian primary schools. Unpubl. Ph.D. thesis, Ohio State Univ.

TURNER, Victor (1968) The Drums of Affliction: a study of religious processes among the Ndembu of Zambia. London: Clarendon. (Healing rituals with mentally disturbed people).

TWUMASI P.A. & FREUND P.J. (1985) Local politicization of primary health care as an instrument for development: a case study of community health workers in Zambia. Soc.Sci.M. 20: 1073–80.

UNDERHILL, Chris (1990) Disabled people in development: challenging traditional attitudes. In: Critical Choices for the NGO Community: African development in the 1990s. Proceedings of a conference... May 1990, 213–54. Centre for African Studies, Univ. Edinburgh. (Some ref. to Zimbabwe.)

UNICEF (1990) Women and Children in Tanzania: a situation analysis. UNICEF & GURT.

UNICEF (1994) Update on the Situation of Women and Children in Zambia. Lsk.

UNIV. ZIMBABWE, Dept Rehab., Harare. List of c. 200 dissertation, theses and reports at B.Sc., M.Sc. and M.Phil. level from 1992–98, many of which are of a technical or biomedical nature. A few have been listed individually in the present bibliography.

Van den Broek: see BROEK
Van der Haar: see HAAR
Van der Hulst: see HULST
Van der Laan: see LAAN
Van Etten: see ETTEN
Van Lenth: see LENTH
Van Niekerk : see NIEKERK
Van Oudheusden : see OUDHEUSDEN
Van Pelt : see PELT
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