Skip to main content
The Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange

Home > Culture > Culture in the Curriculum > Resources > The LEARN and RESPECT models of Cross-Cultural Communication

The L.E.A.R.N. and R.E.S.P.E.C.T. Models of Cross–Cultural Communication

The L.E.A.R.N. Model of Cross–Cultural Communication

Source: Berlin, E. & Fowkes, W.A.(1983). A teaching framework for cross-cultural health care. Western Journal of Medicine, 139:934–938. Available from: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=1011028&blobtype=pdf

The R.E.S.P.E.C.T Model of Cross–Cultural Communication

Source: Welch, M. (1998). Enhancing awareness and improving cultural competence in health care. A partnership guide for teaching diversity and cross-cultural concepts in heath professional training. San Francisco: University of California at San Francisco.