Here are some of the tests that are used in rehabilitation:
acoustic impedance test
A test that assesses the integrity and function of the middle ear, especially transmission characteristics, by measuring the reflected sound waves (acoustic impedance) at the tympanic membrane.
A method for examining the content of the mind, whereby the subject is required to respond as quickly as possible to a given stimulus word with the first word that comes to mind; also called word association test.
Bender Gestalt test
A test of visual motor function in which the subject is asked to copy nine standard designs; its chief application is to determine organic brain dysfunction in both children and adults; secondarily used to assess personality variables; also called Bender visual-motor Gestalt test.
One used to determine the mental age of a child; it consists of a series of questions standardized according to the mental capacity of normal children at different ages.
Boston naming test
A standardized test, used to evaluate language disturbances in brain-injured adults, that requires the individual taking the examination to name the objects based on stimulus and phonemic cues.
Technique of manual muscle test in which the patient holds a body segment in a position indicated by the examiner, who then attempts to "break" this position. Thus it is a test of power in isometric contraction. Called also holding test or yield test.
An exercise test for patients with coronary heart disease. Developed by cardiologist Robert A. Bruce in 1971.
Psychologic test of perception based on the assumption that organic brain damage disturbs the capacity to abstract, the principle of categorization. Developed by K. Goldstein.
cold pressor test
A measure of the change of blood pressure in response to the immersion of one hand in ice water. Normally, the systolic pressure rises about 20 m.m. Hg and returns to the pretest level in two minutes. An excessive increase and prolonged high reading are indicative of a tendency to hypertension. Also called Hines-Brown test, after the American physicians Edgar A. Hines, Jr. (1906-1978) and George E. Brown (1885-1935), who published it in 1933 under the name of cold stimulation test.
Communicative Abilities in Daily Living test
A standardized test composed of 68 items; used to evaluate language disturbances in adults.
Differential Aptitude Test (DAT)
A widely used multiaptitude test that emphasizes abilities that are important mainly in academic activities
One in which neither the person giving the test nor the one receiving it knows whether the drug used is active or inert.
- A method of determining a child's level of intellectual development, based upon the "best" drawing of a human figure; also called Goodenough test.
- A projective personality test requiring the subject to draw a person; also called Machover test.
A test for hip extension. The subject lying prone, the leg is passively flexed until the heel touches the buttock. If the patient cannot keep the hip fully extended, i.e., if the inguinal area moves away from the surface of support, it means that there is a shortening of the fascia lata or of another soft-tissue structure of the anterior aspect of the thigh. Named for Leonard Wheeler Ely (1868-1944), American orthopedic surgeon.
Cardiopulmonary test that consists in maintaining an expiratory effort at a pressure of 40 m.m. Hg. The result is assessed according to endurance and cardiac rhythm. Proposed in 1919 by Martin Flack, London physiologist, as a test for pilots, it was later used in sports medicine. Called also 40-m.m. test.
Developmental test for visual perception, developed by Marianne Frostig, in collaboration with Welty Lefever and John R. B. Whittlesey, and published in 1961.
Electrodiagnostic test of muscles by stimulation with galvanic (impulses of 100 ms or more) and faradic current (impulses of 1 ms or less).
Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test
A test designed to assess amnesia and disorientation after head injury.
A projective test in which the subject is asked to draw a person, a tree, and a house. It is used for the analysis and evaluation of the individual's personality and relation to the environment. Presented in 1946 and published in 1948 by Virginia psychologist John N. Buck (1906-1963).
A test for detection of color-blindness, based on the ability to see patterns in a series of multicolored plates or cards (Ishihara plates).
Kohs Block-Design test
A psychologic performance test in which cubes are used, each of their six sides being of a different color. The subject is asked to arrange them according to the colored designs on a set of cards. Most often used as an intelligence test. Described in 1923 by the psychologist Samuel C. Kohs (1890-1977).
A minimum muscular fitness test. A series of six exercises used to make a rapid estimate of an individual's physical fitness, in particular flexibility and power of trunk muscles. Developed by Austrian-born New York physiatrist Hans Kraus (1905-1979) and physical therapist Sonia Eisenmenger-Weber and published in 1954 by Hans Kraus and Ruth P. Hirschland.
A projective test in which the subject places cutout pictures of persons or animals on pictures of rooms or landscapes and tells a story illustrated by this composition. It is used for the analysis of the subject's ideals, desires, and behavior. Introduced in 1947 by the American psychologist Edwin S. Shneidman (1918- ?).
manual muscle test
Manual evaluation of the power of individual muscles or muscle groups. Several grading scales are in use. The first systematized test, and the most frequently used in the USA, was developed by Boston orthopedic surgeon Robert W. Lovett (1859-1924) and his physical therapist Wilhelmine G. Wirght (1885-1934). The latter published it in 1912. Its grade are Zero, Trace, Poor, Fair, Good, and Normal. In 1938 the Baltimore physical therapists Henry O. Kendall (1898-1979) and his wife, Florence P. Kendall, published a percentage scale, 10% corresponding to Trace, 25% to Poor, 50% to Fair, 75% to Good, and 100% to Normal. In other systems, muscles from completely paralyzed through normal are graded from 0 (zero) through 5 or even in reversed order, from 4 through 0. Intermediary grades are expressed by plus (+) and minus (-) signs, except in the centesimal scale.
minimal erythema dose test
A test applied to the skin, designed to establish the smallest dose of ultraviolet radiation that result in erythema.
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
A psychologic test in which the subject answers a questionnaire containing 550 true or false statements related to physical and mental status. It is used to assess personality, interests, emotions, and attitude toward self and others. Published in 1940 by psychologist Starke R. Hathaway (1903-1991) and neuropsychiatrist J. Charnley McKinley (1891-1950) at the University of Minnesota.
nerve conduction test
Measurement of a nerve conduction velocity, used as a diagnostic test. Normal average values for a motor or sensory nerve are between 40 and 60 m/s.
One of several tests that evaluate personality traits quantitatively, comparing the result with statistically established norms.
pulmonary function test
One of the several tests evaluating functions of the lung.
Projective psychological test for evaluating conscious and unconscious personality traits and emotional conflicts through the individual's associations to a set of inkblot patterns.
skin temperature test
A diagnostic and prognostic procedure used in peripheral vascular disease. Example: Gibbon-Landis test.
speech reception test
A test of acuity of hearing ordinary speech.
Assessment of sweating degree in different skin zones, used as a diagnostic aid in peripheric nerve lesions or to spot the level of a medullar lesion.
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
Psychological test in which the subject is asked to tell stories about ambiguous pictures that may be interpreted in different ways, according to the individual's personality.
A test for measuring the degree of hip flexion contracture. The subject lies supine, maximally flexing one hip and knee by holding that knee pressed against the trunk, thus flattening the lumbar spine against the examining table. The other limb is lowered toward the horizontal position; if the thigh reaches that position, it is considered to be in complete extension. Described in 1875 by Hugh Owen Thomas (1834-1891), Liverpool orthopedic surgeon.
A test of auditory comprehension used for patients with aphasia.
treadmill exercise test
Physiologic test of the functional capacity of the heart. It is combined with examination of the heart, notably an electrocardiogram.
Wide Range Achievement Test, Revised (WRAT-R)
An instrument that assesses academic achievement in reading, spelling, and arithmetic.