Skip to main content
The Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange

Home > Glossary

CIRRIE:
Glossary

AA: Alcoholics Anonymous

AAN: American Academy of Nursing

AAPI: Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders

ACA: American Counseling Association

ACBAR: Agency Co-ordinating Body for Afghan Relief

ACCELS: American Council for Collaboration in Education and Language Study

ACROD: National Industry Association for Disability Services

ACTR: American Council of Teachers of Russian

ADA: Americans with Disabilities Act

ADAAG: Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities

ADD: Attention Deficit Disorder

ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADL: Activities of daily living

AHRTAG: Appropriate Health Resources and Technologies Action Group (now Healthlink Worldwide)

AIDS: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

ALS: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

a.m.: in the morning (literally, ante meridiem)

AMCD: Association for Multicultural Counseling & Development

ANCOR: American Network of Community Options and Resources

APA: American Psychological Association

ARC: AIDS Related Complex

ARIC: ACBAR Resources and Information Centre

ASHA: American Speech–Language–Hearing Association

ASSIA: Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts

ASL: American Sign Language

ATRC: Adaptive Technology Resource Centre

Aug.: August

AZ: Arizona

B.A.: Bachelor of Arts

BC: Before Christ (used for BCE)

BCE: Before the Christian Era (used for BC)

B.Ed.: Bachelor of Education

BOS: Base of Support

B.Sc.: Bachelor of Science

BT: Behavioral therapy

CA: California

CABG: Coronary Artery Bypass Graft

CAD: Coronary Artery Disease

CAT: Classification, Assessment and Terminologies (World Health Organization)

CBR: Community Based Rehabilitation

CBT: Cognitive–behavioral therapy

CCD: Council of Canadians with Disabilities (formerly COPOH)

CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CD–Rom: Compact Disc Read Only Memory

CE: Christian Era (used for AD)

CEP: Counseling and Educational Psychology (also known as Counseling Educational and School Psychology)

CERPROFA: The Rehabilitation Center of the Army (Centro de Rehabilitación Profesional de la Fuerza Armada)

CES–D: Center for Epidemiologic Study – Depression Scale

Cf.: Compare (literally, "confer")

CIA: Central Intelligence Agency

CICH: Centre for International Child Health

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

CIL: Centers for Independent Living

CIRRIE: The Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange

CLAS: Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services

CNN: Cable News Network

CO: Colorado

CODI: Cornucopia of Disability Information

COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

COPOH: Coalition of Provincial Organizations of the Handicapped (now CCD)

CRC: Certified Rehabilitation Counsellor

CRRC: China Rehabilitation Research Center

CSQ: Coping Strategies Questionnaire

CT: Connecticut

CTRS: Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialist

CUNY: City University of New York

D.C.: District of Columbia

DCE: Director of Clinical Education

Dec.: December

DHHS: Department of Health and Human Services

DISTAB: Disability International Standard Tabulations

DLE: Discoid Lupus Erythematosus

D.Phil.: Doctor of Philosophy

DPI: Disabled Peoples' International

DPR: Democratic Peoples' Republic (of)

Dr.: Doctor

D.R.: Dominican Republic

DSMIV: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition

Ed.D.: Doctor of Education

e.g.: For example

EHESS: School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales)

EMBS: Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society

EMRO: World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean

EPICADEC: Foundation for Epilepsy Care in Developing Counties

ERIC: Education Resources Information Center

ERP: Early Rehabilitation Program

ESCWA: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia

EST: Eastern Standard Time

et al.: and others

etc.: et cetera

Ex.: For example

ext.: Extension

FAD: Finish Association of the Deaf

FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions

FDA: Food and Drug Administration

Feb.: February

FES: Functional Electrical Stimulation

FHW: Female Health Worker

FL: Florida

FRG: Federal Republic of Germany ("West Germany" 1949–1990)

FTP: File Transfer Protocol

GA: Georgia

GDP: Gross Domestic Product

GED: General Equivalency Diploma

GNP: Gross National Product

GPO: General Post Office

GSA: General Services Administration (United States)

HC: High Context

HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus

HMO: Health Maintenance Organization

HMSA: Health Manpower Shortage Area

HRAF: Human Relations Area Files

HTML: Hyper Text Markup Language

IAHSA: International Association of Homes and Services for the Aging

ibid.: in the same place (literally, ibidem)

ICADI: International Conference on Aging, Disability and Independence

ICDR: Interagency Committee on Disability Research

ICEVH: International Council for the Education of the Visually Handicapped

ICEVI: International Council for Education of People with Visual Impairment

ICIC: International Credit and Investment Company

ICIDH: International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicap (Now ICF)

ICF: International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health

ICRC: International Committee of the Red Cross

ID: Identification

IDP Scale: Interaction with Disabled Persons Scale

i.e.: that is

IEP: Individualized education plan

IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IL: Illinois

IMERI: International Multi–lingual Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation on the Internet

IMTEC: International Movement Toward Educational Change

INS: Immigration and Naturalization Service

IOF: International Osteoporosis Foundation

IQ: Intelligence Quotient

IRC: Internet Relay Chat

ISBN: International Standard Book Number

ISDS: Interagency Subcommittee on Disability Statistics

ISPE: Integrated Standardized Patient Examination

ISRI: Instituto Salvadoreño de Rehabilitación de Inválidos

ISSN: International Standard Serial Number

ISSS: Instituto del Seguro Social (Social Security Institute)

IUCN: International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (World Conservation Union)

IUSSP: International Union for the Scientific Study in Population

IWRP: Individualized written rehabilitation plan

Jan.: January

J.D.: Juris Doctor

JICA: Japan International Cooperation Agency

Jr.: Junior

KAMPI: National Federation of Disabled Persons (Katipunan Ng Maykapansanan Sa Pilipinas Incorporated)

LC: Low Context

LE: Lower Extremety

LL.B.: Bachelor of Laws

LEP: Limited English Proficiency

LRE: Least-restrictive environment

M.A.: Master of Arts

MA: Massachusetts

MBA: Master of Business Administration

MCM: Master of Community Medicine

MCT: Multicultural Counseling Theory

M.D.: Doctor of Medicine

MD: Maryland

ME: Maine

M.Ed.: Master of Education

MI: Michigan

M&IE: Meals and incidental expenses

MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MIUSA: Mobility International United States of America

MLIS: Master of Library and Information Science

M.Med.: Master of Medicine

MN: Minnesota

MO: Missouri

MOS–A: Medical Outcome Survey – Activity Subscale

MOS–P: Medical Outcome Survey – Pain Subscale

MPH: Master of Public Health

M.Phil.: Master of Philosophy

Mr.: Mister

MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Mrs.: Missess

M.S.: Master of Science

MS: Multiple Sclerosis

MSc.D.: Doctor of Medical Science

MSI: Minority Serving Institutions

M.S.P.H.: Master of Science in Public Health

M.S.W.: Master of Social Work

NA: Narcotics Anonymous

NACC: North American Collaborating Center

NARIC: National Rehabilitation Information Center

N.B.: Note well (nota bene)

NC: North Carolina

NCDDR: National Center for the Dissemination of Disability Research

NCHS: National Center for Health Statistics

N.C.S.: Neurological Clinical Specialist

NE: North East

n.F.: National Formulary

NGO: Non Governmental Organization

NH: New Hampshire

NHI: National Health Insurance

NHS: Newborn Hearing Screening

NIDRR: National Institute on Disability Rehabilition Research

NIH: National Institute of Health

NJ: New Jersey

Nov.: November

NW: North West

NY: New York

Oct.: October

OK: Oklahoma

OMH: Office of Minority Health

OMRDD: Office of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities

ON: Ontario

OPS: UNDP Office for Projects Services

OR: Oregon

OSEP: Office of Special Education Programs

OSERS: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services

OT: Occupational Therapy, Occupational Therapist

OTR/L: Occupational Therapist, Registered, Licensed

PA: Pennsylvania

PACT: Program of Assertive Community Treatment

PAHO: Pan American Health Organization

PC: Personal Computer

PCP: Primary Care Physician

PDD–NOS: Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified

PDF: Portable Document Format

PEI: Prince Edward Island

PHC: Primary Health Care

Ph.D.: Doctor of Philosophy

p.m.: at night (literally, post meridiem)

P.O.: Post Office

P.&O.T.: Physical and Occupational Therapy

pps.: additional postscript (post postscriptum)

PRC: People's Republic of China

PROMIS: Patient–Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System

Psy.D.: Doctor of Psychology

PT: Physical Therapy, Physical Therapist

PTSD: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

PWDs: People with Disabilities

QEW: Queen Elizabeth Way

q.v.: see elsewhere (quod vide: "which see")

RAS: Robotics and Automation Society

RDCC: Rehabilitation Development Coordinating Committee

REC: Rehabilitation engineering centers

Rh.D.: Doctor of Rehabilitation

RI: Rhode Island

RRTC-ILM: Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Independent Living Management

Rs.: Rupees

RSA: Rehabilitation Services Administration

RSI: Repetitive strain injuries

RSS: Really Simple Syndication (RSS 2.0)

SAMHSA: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

SC: South Carolina

SCF: Save the Children's Fund

Sept.: September

SES: Socioeconomic Status

SIRGAID: Special Interest Research Group on Aging and Intellectual Disabilities

SLE: Systemic lupus erythematosus

SPHHP: School of Public Health and Health Professions (University at Buffalo)

SSDI: Social Security Disability Insurance

SSI: Social Security Income

St.: Saint

SUNY: State University of New York

TBI: Traumatic Brain Injury

TDD: Telecommunications Device for Deaf communication

Tel.: Telephone

TENS: Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation

TTY: Teletypewriter

TV: Television

TX: Texas

UAR: United Arab Republic

UCSF: University of California, San Francisco

UDSMR: Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation

UE: Upper Extremety

U.K.: United Kingdom

UN: United Nations

UNCSHDA: United Nations Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs

UNDP: United Nations Development Programme

UNECA: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

UNEDBAS: UNESCO Regional Office for Education in the Arab States

UNESCAP: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization

UNESS: United Nations Employment Support Services

UNHCR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNICEF: United Nations Children's Fund (formerly United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund)

UNOCA: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian and Economic Assistance Programmes relating to Afghanistan

UNRWA: United Nations Relief and Works Agency

UNTAA: United Nations Technical Assistance Administration

UNV: United Nations Volunteers

URL: Uniform Resource Locator

U.S.: United States

U.S.A.: United States of America

USAID: United States Agency for International Development

USSR: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

UT: Utah

VA: Virginia

VAS: Visual Analogue Scale

VOR: Vestibuloocular Reflex

VR: Vocational Rehabilitation

WA: Washington

WFD: World Federation of the Deaf

WHO: World Health Organization

WHO-FIC: World Health Organization Family of International Classifications

WHYMPI–I: West Haven–Yale Multledimensional Pain Inventory

WISC-R: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children – Revised

YMCA: Young Men's Christian Association

ZUNG: Zung Self Rating Scale – Depression

Roman Numerals

I: One

II: Two

III: Three

IV: Four

V: Five

VI: Six

VII: Seven

VIII: Eight

IX: Nine

X: Ten

XI: Eleven

XII: Twelve

XIII: Thirteen

XIV: Fourteen

XV: Fifteen

XVI: Sixteen

XVII: Seventeen

XVIII: Eighteen

XIX: Nineteen

XX: Twenty

XXI: Twenty One

XXII: Twenty Two

XXIII: Twenty Three

XXIV: Twenty Four

XXV: Twenty Five

XXVI: Twenty Six

XXVII: Twenty Seven

XXVIII: Twenty Eight

XXIX: Twenty Nine

XXX: Thirty

XXXII: Thirty Two

XXXIV: Thirty Four

XXXVI: Thirty Six

XXXVII: Thirty Seven

XXXIX: Thirty Nine

XLVII: Forty Seven

XLVIII: Forty Eight

LXI: Sixty One

LXII: Sixty Two

LXIV: Sixty Four

CIV: One Hundred Four